Peat - an organic rock, which formed as a result of the withering away and incomplete decay of marsh plants in high humidity and lack of oxygen. Sapropel - organic-mineral sediments of freshwater lakes, formed from the remnants of dying in a reservoir of plant and animal organisms, or introduced by the (in flow-through lakes) of organic residues.
Consumers of peat are:
- Agricultural enterprises and farms
- Energy Systems (CHP, boilers)
- Greenhouses (vegetable and flower)
- Gardening farm
- Construction companies
- Organizations and enterprises involved in landscaping and gardening, landscape design.
The use of peat
The main consumers of peat is the agriculture and industrial-energy complex. First of peat is usually used as domestic fuel, but eventually began its widespread use in industry and energy in the form of milling chips, briquettes and pellets. Most of the peat resources used in agriculture. In some countries there are plants that produce fertilizers based on peat. Malorazlozhivshiysya sphagnum peat used as bedding for animals and poultry for cooking rich fertilizers greenhouse soil. In some countries, peat soil used for growing vegetables, horticultural crops and rice crops.
Peat reserves in Russia
Use of peat for energy production was prominent during the Soviet Union, with the peak occurring in 1965 and declining from that point. In 1929, over 40% of the Soviet Union's electric energy came from peat, which dropped to 1% by 1980.
In the 1960s, larger sections of swamps and bogs in Western Russia were drained for agricultural use and to generate peat fields for mining. Plans are underway to increase peat output and increase peat's contribution to Russian energy generation.
Currently, Russia is responsible for 17% of the world's peat production, and 20% of the peat that it produces, 1.5 million tons, is used for energy purposes. Shatura Power Station in Moscow Oblast and Kirov Power Station in Kirov Oblast are the two largest peat power stations in the world.